It is often portrayed as U.S. commandos running around the jungle and blowing up bridges, secret missions to assassinate uncooperative foreign leaders, or U.S. support to repressive regimes for neo-colonial ends. “Unconventional warfare,” long a core mission of U.S. special operations forces, represents a bureaucratic albatross hanging about the neck of the U.S. Special Operations Command. Unconventional Warfare Defined: It operates on a broad spectrum and resolution typically takes time. This change in mindset from a defined battlespace will allow practitioners and experts to quickly adapt to the newest threat as it arises. Conventional forces have Unconventional warfare terminology Unconventional Warfare (UW), the bread and butter of Army Special Forces teams. Unconventional warfare, on the other hand, uses unconventional weapons, targets the civilian population as well as the armed forces, and specializes in unconventional tactics. FM 3-05.130 Army Special Operations Forces Unconventional Warfare September 2008 DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION: Distribution authorized to U.S. Government agencies and their contractors only to protect technical or operational information from automatic dissemination under the International Exchange In modern warfare, the lines between regular, conventional and irregular, unconventional warfare are increasingly blurred. Conventional forces have executed, can execute, and even lead most IW missions. When unconventional warfare ends in overthrow of a state or liberation of occupied territory and leads to a new government, Phase VII will include those activities contributing to the promotion of the new government’s legitimacy. Unconventional Warfare is more like a game of dungeons and dragons. It is an attempt to overthrow a government, or to replace in it some part of the country. Appendix B gives an example of an SF area assessment, Appendix C contains a sample program of instruction for resistance forces, and Appendix D details SF caching. Unconventional warfare is a frequently misunderstood and often maligned form of warfare. It has many more possible outcomes in which to plan for and negotiate. For example, the United States entered irregular wars in Vietnam, Afghanistan, and Iraq unprepared to conduct the major counterinsurgency (COIN) ... and preparations for unconventional warfare. In such cases, the unconventional warfare effort transitions to foreign internal defense at some point. Examples Chapter 1 1-2 TC 18-01 30 November 2010 Figure 1-1. Unconventional warfare is usually fought on the ground with at least one side not in uniform, usually against forces of the established government. There are second and third hand effects from every decision made. ... 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