teachers, the impiety of them and their followers, and the judgments that would overtake them. What were the factors which caused the Early Church to begin the process of clearly stating which book were a part of the canon? The only time it is used of Peter in the Bible is by James (Acts 15:14). Books that were universally accepted as a part of the cannon - Gospels - Acts - Hebrews - 1 Peter - 1 John - Revelation. 2 Peter 1:21 For prophecy never had its origin in the human will, but prophets, though human, spoke from God as they were carried along by the Holy Spirit. [⇑ See verse text ⇑] This verse is part of a larger thought contained in verses 20 through 22. The High Priest and His Sacrifice; Salvation and Christian Hope; Discipleship. 2 Peter 1:21 Context. That men recorded the words of God as he spoke to them. Interpreted the Torah into everyday laws Largest group Shining stars of the Jews. Isaiah 53:4-12 and Romans 5:8 mention which prophecy about Jesus? American History Chapter 17 Test Preview. It is the difference between "Do it because I tell you to," and "do it because you know it will help you.") 19 We have also a more sure word of prophecy; whereunto ye do well that ye take heed, as unto a light that shineth in a dark place, until the day dawn, and the day star arise in your hearts: 20 Knowing this first, that no prophecy of the scripture is of any private interpretation. ... Job 1:21. Who were the Pharisees? Why did take so long for the Gospels to be written down? Combat propaganda of false teachers. Start studying 6.19.3. 1 Samuel 13:14. 21 For prophecy never had its origin in the human will, but prophets, though human, spoke from God as they were carried along by the Holy Spirit. What are the steps in the process of the Evangelist, according to the redaction critics? What were the presuppositions of Form Criticism? God Moved on Human Prophets (1:21) Peter is really talking about the divine origin of scripture, not its interpretation. 2 Peter 1:6 Further Study. 16:16-18). ... And there are others who spiritualise passages to say what they want it to say, or what they think it says rather than what it actually says, in its correct context. Who was the great leader who established the power of the Greeks and began the process of spreading Hellenism throughout his kingdom? 19 We have also a more sure word of prophecy; whereunto ye do well that ye take heed, as unto a light that shineth in a dark place, until the day dawn, and the day star arise in your hearts: 20 Knowing this first, that no prophecy of the scripture is of any private interpretation. What were the four main symbols of Judaism? ... And there are others who spiritualise passages to say what they want it to say, or what they think it says rather than what it actually says, in its correct context. However, the Bible is its OWN Interpreter and will never contradict itself. What images and impressions does the Bible give us regarding God's authority, attitudes, and power over the world? Form criticism isolates the information itself and analyzes the information. It was God Himself who … What were the two purposes that John had for writing the epistle of 1 John? The censuses like the one in Luke 2 actually took place. But St. Peter does not say that their human consciousness was suspended, or that they were passive as the lyre when swept by the plectrum. 21 For prophecy never had its origin in the human will, but prophets, though human, spoke from God as they were carried along by the Holy Spirit. What does Peter say about the inspiration of Scripture in 2 Peter 1:20-21? What are the three epistolary purposes that John has in the writing of Revelation? They controlled the Sahedren, chief priest, temple. The first theme Peter deals with is the suffering of Jesus that led to salvation. scripture is inspired by God. What were the criteria employed by the early church in determining whether or not a book was authoritative? While there are different views as to the extent to which the Bible is inspired, there can be no doubt that the Bible itself claims that every word in every part of the Bible comes from God (1 Corinthians 2:12-13; 2 Timothy 3:16-17). What was the anchor of the Jewish worldview? List the focus of the two stanzas in the Christ hymn of Colossians 1:15-20. After his father, Mattathais died, Judas took over the rebellion and cleansed the temple, What is Herod most well know for building ( 1 of the 7 world wonders). Peter anticipates people will become curious. - Is the shortest - longest stories - grammar is worse - obvious theology mistakes - more primitive theology. what are the steps in the process of form criticism? Which factor was most important? 2 Peter 1:15 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] 2 Peter 1:15, NIV: "And I will make every effort to see that after my departure you will always be able to remember these things." Stories about Jesus, first is most credible. The Aramaic is Cephas. That we should be careful and analyzing when we read the Bible, Life of the church in oral history period. Who was Antiochus IV? Look up these scripture passages and match each to the quality or description of God as King it describes. Christ is the example of suffering: which speaks more generally about Christians suffering for what is right. (1 point) According to 2 Peter 3:4, Peter says there will be scoffers coming that say Jesus isn't coming back, because all things continue as they were from what event? 21 For prophecy never had its origin in the human will, but prophets, though human, spoke from God as they were carried along by the Holy Spirit. What are the theological themes of Hebrews? How are the Gospels like ancient biographies? The fear of Jehovah is pure, lasting forever.” —Psalm 19: 8, 9. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Unity in the Body, Body of Christ, Reconciliation. Skeptical historians doubted this person's existence until a … What receives the focus of the investigation: the story or the work of the Evangelist? Choose what to use Arrange the materials in the order he wants, modify the story, Create new material not found in other books. John 3:15. analyzing what the author of the text meant to convey through the way he wrote. came from God alone and not reinterpreted or made up by prophets What were the two purposes that John had for writing the epistle of 1 John? List the four features of apocalyptic literature. function: to demonstrate the foolishness of wanting themselves to be exalted above other members in the congregation.. exaltation through humiliation. They were under the influence of the Holy Spirit (2 Pe 1:21). Its message. What New Testament verse is the fulfillment of this prophecy? 2 Peter 1:9 But if anyone does not have them, he is nearsighted and blind, and has forgotten that he has been cleansed from his past sins.' Came not in old time by the will of man; the prophets spake not of themselves what and when they pleased. What are the theological themes of 1 Peter? Most often advertising promises far more than it delivers. Peter appears to be referring to the ones enticed and deceived by the false teachers in the church. Very radical belief system and strict laws Withdrew from the tipple to lead their own lives Believed they would eventually lead the temple No private property. However, the Bible is its OWN Interpreter and will never contradict itself. False prophets (1 point) According to 2 Peter 2:1, where did Peter say we could find false teachers? Who was the founder of the Colossian church? What prophecy of Jesus is given and fulfilled in these verses? How are the Christians described by Peter in his letters (what is his nickname for them?)? "Above all, you must understand that no prophecy of Scripture came about by the prophet's own interpretation. What is the main theme of the hymn? Indeed, the benefits of heeding Peter’s words, and the consequences of neglecting them, are great: 8 For if these qualities are yours and are increasing, they render you neither useless nor unfruitful in the true knowledge of our Lord Jesus Christ. This is a self-test on the book of II Peter. What is 1 Peter 2:21-25 say about suffering? (1 point) According to 2 Peter 2:1, who did Peter say were among the people, who would be swiftly destroyed? What is Peter trying to encourage the believers who receive his letters to withstand? Stanza One: Christ by whom all thing were created, Stanza two: Christ the firstborn of the new creation. “Men spoke from God as they were moved by holy spirit.” —2 Peter 1: 21. Read the following verses: Psalms 2:2, 6-7; 16:10-11; Isaiah 53:10; and Matthew 28:1-6. This is a discipleship text which requires discipline and self-denial. Accept Onesimus/Paul would repay Philemon/Paul's request for something in return. Books that were disputed, but were put in the cannon anyway - James - Jude 2&3 John 2 Peter. List the requests that Paul makes of Philemon. How does the translation of the Septuagint verify the legitimacy of the Old Testament prophecies about Jesus. Why must there be a literary relationship between the Gospels? "The prophecies were written after the events took place.". οὐ γίνεται ; “ not from or by the will of a man ;” cf. What did he do that caused the Maccabees to begin a revolution? Read 2 Peter 1:6. Jesus fulfilled over ________ Old Testament prophecies. 2 Peter 1:21 Context. 1 Peter 2:21(HCSB) Verse Thoughts. But the promises of our text are completely reliable. christological error, ethical error, social error. 2 Peter 1:21. οὐ γὰρ θελήματι ἀνθρώπου ] These words correspond with the preceding ἰδίας ἐπιλ . The Bible can thus be considered holy. In Paul's eyes, who was responsible for false doctrine? the doctrine or belief that there is only one God. He did thorough research before writing. Wiclif and Rheims alone have "brought"; all the rest "came." They have forgotten that they have been cleansed from their sins. But this can be a good reason for what is said here only on the supposition that the apostle meant to say that what they communicated was not originated by themselves; that it was of a higher than human origin; that the prophets spake "as they were moved by … The spiritual life to which we are all called is not an easy path to tread and Christ Himself warned us that in this world we will have tribulation, while Paul reminds us that all who desire to live godly in Christ Jesus will suffer persecution. because they are written to pastors about leadership, living, and doctrine. loving fellow brothers and sisters. Elder- Faithful in marriage, wise father, not given to wine, respectable wives. He begins (1:1), “Simon Peter, a bond-servant and apostle of Jesus Christ.” There is good manuscript support that the name here should be Simeon, rather than Simon. What is the purpose of Redaction Criticism? 2 Peter 2:1-6 The apostle foretelleth the appearance of false. List and explain how the gospel is being spread through Paul's imprisonment in Philippians 1:12-26. Few returned, the Glory of God did not descend upon the temple, still under Perisa's rule. Simeon Peter, a servant and apostle of Jesus Christ, To those who have obtained a faith of equal standing with ours by the righteousness of our God and Savior Jesus Christ: May grace and peace be multiplied to … It is set apart from other writings by its pure contents and sacred use in worship. 2 Peter 1:6 in the Parallel Bible; 2 Peter 1:6 in the Thematic Bible; What were the problems that the Jews returning from the Exile faced when they arrived in Palestine? What Does 2 Peter 1:20 Mean? Jeremiah 23:26 , LXX. Why are the Pastoral Epistles called by this title? Bios are about entire lives, Christ's history is to big to be written, The promise God made with Abraham will come true. Focuses on the meaning of the text -- Focuses on th wholeness of the gospels. 2 Peter 1:21. described. Peter says that some Christians have a bad memory. 2 Peter 1:3(NASB) Verse Thoughts The position and privileges that are ours in Christ Jesus and all that we will ever need to live a godly life which is pleasing to the Lord, were given to us as a free gift of God's grace - through the merit of Christ's sacrificial death at Calvary and … (2) Peter calls for diligent, disciplined, life-long effort on the part of the Christian (verse 5a). Suffering/Testing; Eschatology; Christology; Poverty-Piety; Wisdom; Prayer. What were their basic beliefs? I have heard some incredible promises in my lifetime, just as you probably have also. One of the lies of the false teachers was that Christians should freely participate in indulging their sinful desires. Who were the Essenes? Paul defines faith is a result of love and good deeds. 20 Above all, you must understand that no prophecy of Scripture came about by the prophet’s own interpretation of things. Who was Herod Antipas? Even in the midst of our suffering, our hopefulness should be apparent. Follow us. 2 Peter 1:2 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] 2 Peter 1:2, NIV: "Grace and peace be yours in abundance through the knowledge of God and of Jesus our Lord." What were the four theological emphases of 1 John that were discussed in class? For the prophecy The whole Scripture, all the prophetic writings; so the Jews call the Scriptures (hawbnh) , "the prophecy" F7, by way of eminence, and from the subject matter of the sacred word: came not in old time by the will of man; What does John describe as the signs of true Christian faith in 1 John? Why does Peter say to add "self-control" after we have gained knowledge? Who began the revolt against Antiochus IV? In that verse 2 Peter 1:21, a reason is given for what is said here: "For (γὰρ gar) the prophecy came not in old time "by the will of man,"" etc. Peter does not challenge his readers to work hard in order to be saved, but to strive diligently because they are saved (see verse 1). Jesus gave Simon that name after he made the confession about Jesus being the Christ, the Son of the living God (Matt. In this theme, Peter highlights two things: the reward and the judgment. (21) For the prophecy came not in old time.--Rather, For prophecy was never sent, or brought. (If you intellectually understand the reasons behind the proper approach, it is much easier to be self-controlled. Explain the theme of reconciliation in Ephesians. What does Peter say about the inspiration of Scripture in 2 Peter 1:20-21? Who are two women that cannot get along in Philippi? How are the Gospels different from ancient biographies? 18 And this voice which came from heaven we heard, when we were with him in the holy mount. Peter says those who observe us will notice the difference. Discuss briefly the role of the household order in Colossians and the similarities and differences that they have with secular codes. and Luke didn't make the same mistakes in writing that mark did. Before you attempt to answer the questions below you should read these chapters in the Bible and answer the questions at the end of each chapter found at the website www.DoingGood.org. What does the term antilegomena mean? What were some examples of it? What common objection do skeptics make regarding prophecy? List the reasons presented in class which support the claim that Mark was the first Gospel written. What does Luke say about the process that he used in compiling his Gospel in Luke 1:1-4? So, Peter instructs us to be ready to answer the question our life should inspire: "How can you be so hopeful in such difficult circumstances?" What pagan god did Antiochus demand that the Jews worship in the Jerusalem Temple? Cross references: Said only zeus could be worshiped in the Jewish temple. That is to say, believers will receive a future reward while the wicked will be destroyed. What are the theological themes of James? 1 Peter 2:21(HCSB) Verse Thoughts. What are the four schools of interpretation of the book of Revelation? Rejected the oral traditions of the Pharisees. Peter means “rock” in Greek. Jewish historian who was one of the first people to mention Jesus (that wasn't a Christian). What is the difference between the way that James defines faith and the way that Paul defines faith? 1 Peter 1:2 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] 1 Peter 1:2, NIV: "who have been chosen according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through the sanctifying work of the Spirit, to be obedient to Jesus Christ and sprinkled with his blood: Grace and peace be yours in abundance." Who is Jesus greater than in Hebrews 1:1-4:14? James suggests that even demons believe in God. The prophecy; the prophetical writings, or word of prophecy, 2 Peter 1:19. To those who through the righteousness(C)of our God and Savior Jesus Christ(D)have received a faith as precious as ours: 2 Grace and peace be yours in abundance(E)through the knowledge of … Furthermore, the teaching that Peter and the apostles had passed on wasn’t just something they’d dreamed up; they were eyewitnesses (2 Pe 1:16–18). Belief that Jesus was returning very soon Eyewitnesses were present to tell the story Oral traditions are more sacred and common in Judaism. (Read full chapter List the qualities that should be present in the life of a deacon. Letters written by paul to various people's and churches throughout his ministry. What does the term homologoumena mean? List the three major themes of Ephesians. List two positive contributions of Redaction Criticism. What is the primary purpose of Paul in 1 Timothy? Ancient Bios are written about dead people (Jesus ain't dead!) “The commandment of Jehovah is clean, making the eyes shine. 2 Peter 1:1-21 ESV / 2 helpful votes Helpful Not Helpful. How is Jesus a Priest according to the line of Melchezidek? Who did he have killed? Because Mark came first and Matt. What were their basic beliefs? What is about to happen to Paul when he is writing 2 Timothy? What were the three errors of the false teachers in 1 John? II Peter Quiz. Alexander Nisbe… 2 Peter 1:15, ESV: "And I will make every effort so that after my departure you may be able at any time to recall these things." Instead, he explains the authoritative origin and source of those prophecies. In Genesis 12, who does God promise to make into a great nation and to bless so that he would be a blessing? 9 For he who lacks these qualities is blind or short-sighted, having f… That difference is hope. What does that tell us about how we should go about interpreting them? 18 And this voice which came from heaven we heard, when we were with him in the holy mount. The spiritual life to which we are all called is not an easy path to tread and Christ Himself warned us that in this world we will have tribulation, while Paul reminds us that all who desire to live godly in Christ Jesus will suffer persecution. Read verse in New International Version Among you ... OTHER QUIZLET SETS. God is the actor of salvation, Christ is the agent of salvation, household of God, Gods people. For prophecy never had its origin in the human will” (2 Peter 1:16–21). In Acts 13, Paul met a proconsul named Sergius Paulus . What were their basic beliefs? 2 Peter 1:2, KJV: "Grace and peace be multiplied unto you through the knowledge of God, and of Jesus our Lord," List the qualities that should be present in the life of an elder. What Does 2 Peter 1:20 Mean? Peter and the rest of the apostles would die, but the word would remain forever (1 Pe 1:25). The salvation motif is mentioned in the context of the suffering of Jesus. The beginning of creation (1 point) According to 2 Peter 3:5, True or False. came from God alone and not reinterpreted or made up by prophets. Why is it easier to do redaction criticism on Matthew and Luke than Mark? ... by abiding in Him and He in us and by learning to say, Thy will, not mine be done. Context Summary 2 Peter 1:1–2 serves as Peter’s opening greeting to his readers. Explain briefly the function of the Christ hymn in Philippians and the emptying and exaltation of Christ. Answer the questions below and then click "OK" to send your answers. : ἕως ποτὲ ἔσται … Describe the practice of Form Criticism. Discuss the nature of Paul's opposition in chapter 3 of Philippians. The Septuagint was completed 200-300 years before the first event in the New Testament took place. Who were the Sadducees? Christ dying on the cross allows Jew and Gentile to become one in Christ, it removes all barriers between God and man. He thought that the Jews had their minds on earthly things. -main difference is Christian codes are always rooted in the relationship with Christ. Agreements in the Gospels are to similar for oral traditions Unusually accurate agreements between the Gospels Luke says there were written sources. 2 Peter 2:10-19 The wicked principles and manners of these seducers. 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